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EasyPrep Plasmid Maxiprep Protocol

Carry out all steps at room temperature

  1. Harvest 200 ml overnight cultured bacterial by centrifugation at 3,500rpm for 10 min at room temperature. Pour off the supernatant and invert tube on paper towels to remove residual medium.

  2. Add 10 ml Buffer A1 and completely resuspend bacterial pellet by vortexing or pipetting. Ensure that RNase A has been added into Buffer A1 before use. Complete resuspension is critical for optimal yield.

  3. Add 10 ml Buffer A2, mix gently but thoroughly by inverting 5-6 times with slightly shaking. Incubate for 3-4 min to obtain a slightly clear lysate. Complete lysis is critical for DNA yield. The mixture of completely lysed bacteria looks transparent. Do not incubate longer than 5 min. Over-incubation causes genomic DNA contamination and plasmid damage.

  4. Add 4 ml Buffer A3, mix immediately but thoroughly by inverting 5-6 times. Don’t vortex. It is important to mix the solution well, if the mixture still appears conglobated, more mix is required.

  5. Two options for clearing the lysates:

  • High speed centrifuge: Transfer the lysate to a high speed centrifuge tube and centrifuge at 13,000 rpm (14,000-18,000 g) for 15 min at room temperature! Transfer the cleared lysate to a 50 ml conical tube.

  • EasyFilter syringe: place the EasyFilter  syringe  to a  clean  50  ml conical tube with the plunger removed. Pour the lysate into the filter syringe barrel. Allow the lysate to sit for 5-10 min. The white precipitates should float to the top. Hold the filter syringe barrel over the 50 ml tube and gently insert the plunger to expel the cleared lysate to the tube. Stop when feel resistance. some of the lysate may remain in the flocculent precipitate.

  1. Add 8 ml Buffer A3 and 10 ml Ethanol (96-100%). Mix well by inverting 5-6 times.

  2. Column preparation: add 3 ml Column Buffer to the column, incubate for 2-3 min, centrifuge at 3,500 rpm for 3-5 min. The column equilibration ensures the column having optimal binding capacity. Especially when the kit is stored over 6 month or the yield declines noticeably.

  3. Transfer up to 20 ml lysate/ethanol mixture into a DNA column with the collection tube. Centrifuge at 3,500 rpm for 3-5 min. Discard the flow-through.

  4. Add 10 ml 70% ethanol into the column, centrifuge at 3,500 rpm for 3-5 min. Discard the flow-through.

  5. Repeat Step 9.

  6. Centrifuge at 3,500 rpm for 5 min. This step removes residual ethanol which is critical for DNA elution. Residual ethanol may also interfere subsequent applications.

  7. Place the column in a sterile 50 ml tube. Add 1.0-1.5 ml Elution Buffer (TE buffer, pH8.5) to the center of the column. Incubate for 1 min.  Elute the DNA by centrifugation at 3,500 rpm for 2-5 min. If higher DNA concentration is needed, use less elution buffer (i.e. 0.5 ml).

  8. Add the eluate from last step back to the column, elute one more time. This will increase the yield. Alternatively, elute with another 1.0-1.5 ml Elution Buffer into a new 50 ml tube. Two elutions give rise to maximum DNA yield. Store DNA at –20oC.

DNA storage
Plasmid DNA is stable in TE Buffer if stored at -20°C or below .

The DNA is ready for down stream application such as cloning or transfection. If higher DNA quality and concentration is desired, such as for primary cultured cell or some cell line transfection, proceed to the next step. It’s also highly recommended to remove the endotoxin if the DNA is used for primary cultured cell transfection or microinjection.

DNA concentration = Absorbance 260 nm x 50 x dilution factor (µg/ml)

 

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